Gardening Tips

Gardening Tips


Stay Healthy Gardening Tips

Help ensure healthy and pain free gardening by following these simple tips.

The following guidelines can be easily incorporated into your gardening routine to help you keep a happy, healthy back.

The gardening season begins.

  • Take it slow. Even if you think you are fit and healthy, using slightly different muscle groups to normal can still make you sore. This can be especially true when doing a lot of bending with planting. Remember, general muscle soreness from activity usually gets much better within 2 days. Pain lasting longer with the same intensity or feels worse should be looked at by a health professional to rule out injury.
  • Use the right equipment. Using equipment is extremely important. Take necessary precautions for exposure to the sun and wear functional supportive footwear. Orthotic shoe inserts can correct altered foot mechanics and can help prevent foot, ankle, knee, hip, and lower back pain. Speak to your chiropractor for further information.
  • Eat well and stay hydrated. A well balanced diet can go a long way to providing the needed energy for activity and allow for healthy weight loss as a bonus. Be sure to take in plenty of fluids after any activity, especially when outdoors.

Back Problem Warning Signs

  • Leg pain with numbness, tingling, and/or weakness.
  • Back or leg pain with coughing or sneezing.
  • Difficulty standing up after sitting for any period of time.
  • Stiffness in the morning that decreases when you move around.
  • Pain in your hip, buttock, thigh, knee, or foot.
  • Inability to turn or bend to each side equally.
  • Unbalanced posture, when your head, neck, or shoulder may be higher on one side than the other.
  • Pain which prevents you from sleeping well.
  • Pain that persists or worsens after 48 hours.

Gardening Work Tips

Walk And Stretch Before You Start Gardening.

Start with a short 10 minute walk. Maybe check out what your neighbors are putting in their gardens this year and how they are progressing. This gets the blood flowing and muscles more warmed up. When you get back, repeat each exercise below five times. Do not bounce, jerk, or strain. You should experience a gentle stretch of the muscle. Stop if you experience pain.

For Your Legs.

Thigh stretch; With one hand on the wall or a tree bend your left knee then reach back and hold your ankle with your right hand. If you cannot reach your ankle, put an old tie or rope loosely around your ankle and hold the ends in your hand in a comfortable position, without creating muscle strain. If you are wearing trousers, grab your trousers leg. Gently pull your heel toward your buttocks and hold for 15 to 20 seconds. Relax and repeat with the other leg.


Hamstring stretch; Stand and reach your hands towards the sky. Then bend forward at the waist and with both hands reach towards your toes. Hold for 15 to 20 seconds, then relax. This stretch can also be done in a seated position with your legs straight and heels resting lightly on a low stool or book.

For Your Back.

Side stretches; Stand and extend your arms above your head. Knit your fingers together, palms up. Bend from the waist gently to one side. Hold for 15 to 20 seconds. Then bend to the other side. Hold for 15 to 20 seconds. This stretch can also be done with one arm, alternating between arms.


Back stretch; Sit on a chair and slowly bend your body forward from your hips, putting your head down and resting your hands on the ground. Hold for 15 to 20 seconds, then relax.

For Your Arms And Shoulders.

Body hugs; Hug yourself snugly and slowly rotate at the waist as far as comfortable to one side. Hold for 15 to 20 seconds. Then rotate to the other side and hold for 15 to 20 seconds.


Shoulder rolls; With your arms hanging loosely at your sides, slowly and smoothly rotate your shoulders in a circular motion forward, then backward.

For Your Wrists.

Wrist extension;. Hold one arm straight out in front of you, with the palm flat and facing down. Bend your wrist until the fingers point down toward the ground. Use your opposite hand to hold this position. Hold for 15 to 20 seconds. Repeat with the other hand.


Wrist flexion; Hold one arm straight out in front of you, with the palm facing out, as if you were giving a stop signal, and use your opposite hand to hold this position. Hold for 15 to 20 seconds. Repeat with the other hand.

Safe Lifting Techniques.

  • Stand close to the load to be lifted.
  • Place your feet shoulder-width apart, with your head up.
  • Keep your back straight with your feet and body pointing in the same direction.
  • Squat down to the level of the object and test the weight of the load. Squeeze your stomach muscles in.
  • Use the strength of your leg and arm muscles to smoothly and slowly lift the load. Keep the load close to your body. Turn to face the intended direction of travel, pivot with your feet, and proceed with the load.
  • Avoid twisting your body while carrying the load.
  • Bend your knees and slowly lower the load to its intended place.
  • Do not lift heavy objects above your waist (see below).
  • Avoid heavy lifting immediately after more than 15 minutes of bending or kneeling.

Get Into Gardening With The Right Moves And Tools

The Right Moves.

Alternate your tasks. Take turns alternating between heavy chores such as digging and light, less physically demanding tasks such as planting.


Do the scissors when you rake. Raking can put significant strain on your back and arms. So take extra care with this activity. Stand with one leg forward and one leg back when you rake. Switch legs and hands every few minutes. Pause every few minutes to rest and stretch.

Change hands often. Changing hands frequently when you rake, hoe, or dig prevents muscle strain on one side of the body. Stand as straight as possible with your head upright.


Kneel to plant and weed. Constant bending can put strain on your back, neck, and leg muscles and joints, so kneeling is recommended. Use kneepads or a kneeling mat with handles to minimize the amount of bending required, and to make kneeling more comfortable.


Change positions frequently. Once you begin, make a point of changing position every 10 to 15 minutes. Move from kneeling to standing, from digging to planting.


Pace yourself. A minimum of 3 brief breaks each hour is recommended. Take a few moments to move around, stretch your muscles, have a drink, or simply sit and enjoy the work you have done. Spread the work over several days. You will still achieve the same great results and your back will really thank you for it!

The Right T ools.

Lighten your load.

  • A garden hose is easier to manage than a watering can.
  • Buy a lightweight wheelbarrow with two wheels for extra stability and control.
  • Break large loads into several smaller units.

Choose well-designed, comfortable tools.

  • Select the right tool for the job.
  • Look for ergonomically-designed items with padded handles and spring action      mechanisms.
  • Use long-handled, light-weight tools to help you avoid bending and twisting as      you work.

10 General Tips for a Healthy Back

  1. Exercise regularly.
  2. Follow a healthy diet.
  3. Maintain good posture as much as possible.
  4. Do an active warm up before activity and stretch after.
  5. Don’t overload your backpack or shoulder bag.
  6. Stretch your legs and back after each hour of sitting.
  7. Never cradle the phone between your neck and shoulder.
  8. Sleep on your back or side, not on your stomach.
  9. Invest in a good chair, pillow and mattress. It’s worth it!
  10. Have regular spinal check-ups.


Please visit our contact page for location details, opening hours and telephone number. The Health & Vitality Centre is based in Welwyn Garden City and our team look forward to meeting you there!